Native and introduced bee abundances on carrot seed crops in New Zealand


  • B.G. Howlett
  • G.O. Lankin-Vega
  • D.E. Pattemore



In New Zealand unmanaged bees species can be important crop pollinators but their abundance and distribution is poorly known within hybrid carrot seed crops Standardised counts of bees visiting flowering carrot umbels (1350 umbels observed/field) across 19 commercial hybrid fields were conducted between 1000 h and 1500 h Despite honey bees being observed in all fields abundance varied greatly between fields (mean981; maximum330 minimum1) Other bees observed visiting umbels were Lasioglossum sordidum (17 fields; mean14; maximum65); Leioproctus sp (12 fields; mean20; maximum19); Hylaeus sp (one field; maximum 1) and Bombus terrestris (six fields; mean20; maximum11) The number of individual bees (all species together) counted/ umbel on male fertile umbels was significantly higher than on male sterile umbels a factor that could contribute to suboptimal pollen flow between umbel lines by bees Examination of their movements between male fertile and sterile lines is required to verify their efficiency as pollinators




How to Cite

Howlett, B., Lankin-Vega, G. and Pattemore, D. 2015. Native and introduced bee abundances on carrot seed crops in New Zealand. New Zealand Plant Protection. 68, (Jan. 2015), 373–379. DOI:




Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>