Host selection for selfsuperparasitism by <i>Diaeretiella rapae</i> (MIntosh) (Hymenoptera Aphidiidae)


  • R. Kant
  • M.A. Minor
  • S.A. Trewick
  • W.R.M. Sandanayaka



Superparasitism (repeated oviposition in same host) indicates either a fitness benefit for the parasitoid or an inability of ovipositing females to discriminate parasitised versus unparasitised hosts Superparasitism in Diaeretiella rapae the solitary endoparasitoid of cabbage aphid Brevicoryne brassicae was studied in the laboratory When given a choice of parasitised and unparasitised aphids 70 of females made their attack on unparasitised hosts first even though alreadyparasitised aphids were less defensive to parasitoid attack and ovipositing females had shorter hosthandling time The female superparasitised hosts during repeated attack and the large hosts were superparasitised more often than the small ones Although superparasitised hosts carried two to five parasitoid larvae only one larva developed into an adult The body size of parasitoid larvae as measured 4 days after oviposition was affected by the total number of larvae in the host Superparasitism strategies of D rapae are discussed in the context of reproductive fitness




How to Cite

Kant, R., Minor, M., Trewick, S., & Sandanayaka, W. (2011). Host selection for selfsuperparasitism by <i>Diaeretiella rapae</i> (MIntosh) (Hymenoptera Aphidiidae). New Zealand Plant Protection, 64, 37-43.




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