Effect of black legume aphid <i>Aphis craccivora</i> honeydew on survival of the parasitoid <i>Microctonus aethiopoides</i>


  • P.J. Gerard
  • K.R. Carswell
  • T.M. Eden




The introduced parasitoid Microctonus aethiopoides (Hymenoptera Braconidae) appears to be an effective biocontrol agent for clover root weevil Sitona lepidus Gyllenhal (Coleoptera Curculionidae) in New Zealand pastures As these pastures lack accessible nectar sources hemipteran honeydew may be the most readily available energy source for the parasitoid Experiments were undertaken to compare longevity of newly emerged M aethiopoides adults caged on white clover firstly with and without black legume aphid Aphis craccivora Kock (Hemiptera Aphididae) and then with additional water and sucrose solution treatments Parasitoids with access to aphid honeydew lived significantly longer (mean longevity 81 days) than those with water or no liquid (both 68 days) but not as long as those fed sucrose solution (109 days) Therefore the abundance of aphids commonly present on clovers may enhance M aethiopoides longevity and therefore efficacy in the field especially in mid spring when host availability is very low




How to Cite

Gerard, P., Carswell, K. and Eden, T. 2013. Effect of black legume aphid &lt;i&gt;Aphis craccivora&lt;/i&gt; honeydew on survival of the parasitoid &lt;i&gt;Microctonus aethiopoides&lt;/i&gt;. New Zealand Plant Protection. 66, (Jan. 2013), 153–156. DOI:https://doi.org/10.30843/nzpp.2013.66.5578.




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