Suitability of phenylalanine ammonia lyase and chitinase activities as biochemical markers of soft rot resistance in <i>Actinidia chinensis</i> kiwifruit


  • K.V. Wurms
  • A. Ah Chee
  • T. Reglinski
  • J.T. Taylor



Cryptosporiopsis actinidiae causes soft rot of the kiwifruit cultivar Hort16A (Actinidia chinensis) This paper describes measurement of phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) and chitinase with a view to identifying possible resistance markers to characterise the host/pathogen interaction Four A chinensis genotypes were treated preharvest with water or C actinidiae spores Fruit was stored at 15C for 18 weeks to allow for disease development Enzyme activities were measured at harvest and after storage in the area around disease lesions and in symptomless tissue Soft rot incidence was highest in genotype 8A and equal in the other genotypes Preharvest inoculation had no effect on subsequent soft rot incidence Chitinase activities varied with genotype and increased significantly during storage but there was no difference between healthy versus diseased tissue PAL expression varied with genotype increased during storage and was always significantly higher in the tissue around lesions Neither enzyme measurement was a suitable resistance marker




How to Cite

Wurms, K.V., A. Ah Chee, T. Reglinski, and J.T. Taylor. “Suitability of Phenylalanine Ammonia Lyase and Chitinase Activities As Biochemical Markers of Soft Rot Resistance in &lt;i&gt;Actinidia chinensis&lt;/i&gt; Kiwifruit”. New Zealand Plant Protection 60 (August 1, 2007): 228–234. Accessed June 3, 2023.




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