An evaluation of the resistance of annual and perennial ryegrass to herbicides
Keywords:herbicide resistance, annual ryegrass, perennial ryegrass, grass herbicides, sulfonylureas
Ryegrass, both perennial (Lolium perenne) and annual (L. multiflorum), can be weeds in other arable crops such as wheat (Triticum aestivum). They are generally removed using selective herbicides, but herbicide-resistant perennial and annual ryegrasses have been reported anecdotally. Perennial ryegrass seeds that were suspected to be herbicide resistant were sourced from near Methven, Canterbury. They were evaluated for tolerance to five herbicides and were found to be resistant to all of them. In a separate experiment, annual ryegrass seeds that were suspected to be herbicide resistant were also sourced from near Methven, Canterbury. They were evaluated for tolerance to six different herbicides and were found to be resistant to haloxyfop applied at up to four times label rate but susceptible to clethodim. These results have important implications for growers and advisers throughout New Zealand.