Chemistry of the sex pheromone gland of the fall webworm <i>Hyphantria cunea</i> discovered in New Zealand
AbstractThe sex pheromone glands of two females of the fall webworm Hyphantria cunea Drury (Lepidoptera Arctiidae) that were discovered in Auckland in March 2003 were extracted in hexane and were subjected to GCMS analysis Four compounds were identified (9Z12Z15Z)octadeca91215trienal (9Z12Z)octadeca912dienal (3Z6Z)9S10Rcisepoxyhenicosa36diene and (13Z6Z)9S10Rcis910epoxyhenicosa136triene The ratio of these four compounds in the gland extracts was 660627901 Except for a trace amount of the trienic epoxide detected in the New Zealand sample the ratio of the three other compounds was very similar to native North American females of this species A direct comparison between the synthetic commercial lure Nitolure and the sex pheromone gland of females found in New Zealand indicates that the sex pheromone gland contains significantly more of (3Z6Z)9S10Rcisepoxyhenicosa36diene than the synthetic lure while the lure lacks the trace amount of the trienic epoxide Therefore the effectiveness of Nitolure at trapping fall webworm in New Zealand remains uncertain
How to Cite
El-Sayed, A., Gibb, A. and Suckling, D. 2005. Chemistry of the sex pheromone gland of the fall webworm <i>Hyphantria cunea</i> discovered in New Zealand. New Zealand Plant Protection. 58, (Aug. 2005), 31–36. DOI:https://doi.org/10.30843/nzpp.2005.58.4250.