Establishing a base for understanding the threat of the brown marmorated stink bug to plants of value to M?ori / E whakarite ana he t??papa e m?rama ai i ng? kino o te ng?rara p?hau parauri ki ng? tipu e whai hua ki te M?ori
Keywords:brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, Maori, taonga, plant border biosecurity, protection
The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) Halyomorpha halys (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) is an invasive pest in North America and Europe that damages many plant species and invades human dwellings. It is regularly intercepted at Aotearoa/New Zealand’s borders but is not yet known to have established. M?ori are partners in New Zealand’s biosecurity community and an understanding of the potential impact of any invasive alien species to their interests is essential. The known impacts of BMSB in published literature were reviewed with a focus on M?ori plant taonga (valued or treasured plant species) in: (1) M?ori commercial enterprises; (2) mara kai (food gardens); and (3) the natural estate. Many fruit and some vegetable species are likely to be affected by BMSB in commercial and non-commercial M?ori horticulture but the impact of BMSB on indigenous/native and other taonga plant species in mara kai and the native estate is difficult to evaluate. BMSB poses a serious economic threat to some crop species of commercial value to M?ori, as well as threat to some native taonga species. A kaupapa M?ori approach examining unpublished m?tauranga (knowledge) would considerably broaden this understanding.
He ng?rara raupatu kaha nei i te tini o ng? tipu, te urutomo noa i te hunga tangata te ng?rara nei. Ka kaha haukotingia te ng?rara nei e te mana ?rai o Aotearoa heoi an?, k?ore an? kia whakawhenua i a ia. E mahi tahi ana a M?ori r?ua ko te hapori marukoiora, an? hoki e m?rama ana i te m?rearea o ng? tipu tauiwi - e whai p?nga kia r?tou. Te Tukanga. I arotake i ng? tuhinga e h?ngai ana ki ng? kopuratanga e m?hio nei - e M?ori ai te titiro o roto: (1) ng? p?kihi M?ori (2) ng? m?ra kai (3) te taiao an? hoki. Te Whakautu. He maha hoki ng? huawhenua me ng? huar?kau ka p?ngia e te BMSB o roto i ng? p?kihi, i ng? ahuone M?ori heoi an?, te taea te whakatau i ng? p?nga o te BMSB ki te iwi taketake me ?na taonga o roto i ng? m?ra kai. Te Whakakapinga. Kei tino raru ?tahi tipu e whai p?nga ki te M?ori, ng? tipu taketake an? hoki i te BMSB. M? te tirohanga M?ori e whakawh?nui i ng? m?hiotanga.