Genetic variation for tolerance to defoliation in <i>Cirsium arvense</i> (Californian thistle)

  • M.G. Cripps AgResearch, Lincoln, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
  • C.A. Dowsett AgResearch, Ruakura Research Centre, Hamilton 3214, New Zealand
  • S.D. Jackman AgResearch, Lincoln, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
  • A.D.L. Noble AgResearch, Lincoln, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
  • G.J. Houliston Landcare Research, Lincoln 7608, New Zealand

Abstract




The pasture weed, Cirsium arvense (Californian thistle), is notorious for its ability to tolerate defoliation by herbivores, mowing, or herbicides, which is facilitated by the growth of adventitious shoots from its extensive clonal underground root system. In an outdoor potted-plant experiment, we examined the tolerance of 36 unique genotypes of C. arvense to defoliation by establishing pairs of clonal replicates that were assigned to a clipped, or unclipped treatment. Three clipping treatments were applied, and the final height, number of shoots, and biomass, were measured to compare the fitness between the clipped and unclipped clones. The majority of genotypes were negatively affected by clipping and showed a reduction in most final fitness measurements. However, some genotypes were equivalent or even greater than their unclipped counterparts indicating a large genetic range for tolerance to defoliation. The mean range in tolerance ratios (clipped/ unclipped) was 0.17 to 1.3 for shoot height, 0.26 to 1.2 for shoot density, and 0.6 to 1.2 for biomass (where a ratio of 1 indicates equivalence to the unclipped state). Since repeated defoliation is recommended for control of this weed, selection for more tolerant genotypes is possible, which may have management implications.




Published
2017-07-31
How to Cite
CRIPPS, M.G. et al. Genetic variation for tolerance to defoliation in Cirsium arvense (Californian thistle). New Zealand Plant Protection, [S.l.], v. 70, p. 324, july 2017. ISSN 1179-352X. Available at: <http://journal.nzpps.org/index.php/nzpp/article/view/91>. Date accessed: 22 sep. 2017.
Section
Poster Abstracts

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.