Weather and inoculum factors associated with kiwifruit bud rot

  • M. Shahjahan Kabir Plant & Food Research
  • Bethan E. Parry Plant & Food Research
  • Joy L. Tyson Plant & Food Research
  • Michael A. Manning Plant & Food Research
  • Robert M. Beresford Plant & Food Research

Abstract

Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae biovar 3 (Psa) causes kiwifruit bacterial canker and also bud rot, which destroys developing flower buds and can become a severe problem, particularly in green-fleshed cultivars. The effects of weather and inoculum factors on bud-rot development were investigated. Experiments were conducted on two green kiwifruit cultivars: Actinidia chinensis var. deliciosa ‘Hayward’ and A. chinensis var. chinensis × A. chinensis var. deliciosa ‘Zesh004’ (known as Green14), at four sites for two consecutive years. Temperature and rainfall were recorded from bud burst to flowering and bud-rot incidence was monitored from approximately two weeks after flower bud appearance until flowering. Correlations between weather parameters and final bud-rot incidence, and between initial bud-rot and final bud-rot incidence were investigated. There was no significant association between temperature and final bud-rot incidence, but total rainfall and number of days of rain were positively correlated with final bud-rot incidence. Initial bud-rot incidence showed the strongest correlation with final bud-rot incidence and appeared to be the main factor that contributed to bud-rot.

Published
2018-07-30
How to Cite
Kabir, M. S., Parry, B., Tyson, J., Manning, M., & Beresford, R. (2018). Weather and inoculum factors associated with kiwifruit bud rot. New Zealand Plant Protection, 71, 348. https://doi.org/10.30843/nzpp.2018.71.206
Section
Vol 71 Poster Abstracts 2018

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